Both the reproductive health of the man and the woman are dependent on several elements, which include genetics, our habits of life and the environment, as well as factors such as age or the presence of diseases. Considering the practical impossibility of acting on genetics, a person’s reproductive capacity can be improved through the adjustment of habits or environmental factors – which are those to which we expose ourselves daily.
Practices known to be beneficial to health generally also work for the benefit of reproductive health, such as physical activity, combating obesity, controlling emotional stress and maintaining a healthy diet. Excessive consumption of alcohol and smoking, on the other hand, are considered to be harmful to fertility.
It should be borne in mind that age is a major factor in reproductive capacity, so that over time, especially from 35 years of age, it will decrease. Exposure to gonadotrophic treatments (with adverse effects on the reproductive organs), as in chemotherapy for cancer patients , even though it is most often an unavoidable condition, can still have an attenuated effect depending on the technique used. Thus, steps can be taken to preserve the fertility of these patients, including by making use of surrogacy in India that could be used later through assisted reproduction (in vitro fertilization).
Thus, it is possible to take practical action to promote the fertility of men and women and that will inevitably also benefit their health in general. The specialist doctor is able to provide the couple of tools to ensure reproductive capacity, but only each person can choose to change their daily habits.
Medicine today enables couples with difficult pregnancies for different reasons to do so, but only after a lot of care by the specialist doctor, since it can not only guide the quality of life necessary to allow pregnancy.
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